Verzelini - Friends, Family & Land

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Verzelini – Friends, Family & Land.

The will of Jacob Verzelini in itself does not make particularly thrilling reading. Neither, surprisingly, does it mention glass at all.

However it does give an insight into the lives, working and dwelling places of a small section of population of London in the environs of Hart Street and its Church St Olave's, circa 1600. Where possible, throughout the text of the will, I have included items which may be of interest to the reader, in the hope of making an interesting article of a somewhat tedious document.  

Firstly some background information. 

Jacob (Giacomo) Verzelini b. c1522  Venice Italy.  d. 1606 Westerham, Kent, b. St Mary the Virgin, Downe, Kent, England

                                                m. Elizabeth Vanburen c.1566, Antwerp.

     b. c1533 Antwerp, Belgium. d.1607, London, England. 

By 1571 Verzelini was living in London. Jean Carré, a native of Arras, had arrived in London in 1567 and set up glass works in the former dissolved Priory of Crutched Friars. Jacob Verzalini took over the works in 1572 after the death of Jean Carré, On 15 December 1574 Verzalini was granted a patent on which prohibited others from manufacturing Venetian-style (cristallo) glass for twenty-one years,  and permitted verselini to make "drynkyne glasses such as be accustomable in the town of Murano" he was allowed to make and sell glass on the condition that he taught his craft to Englishmen, and to him is probably due the introduction of the use of soda-ash, made from seaweed and seaside plants, in place of the crude potash made from fern and wood ashes. His manufactory was burn down in 1575, but was rebuilt. He afterwards moved his work to Winchester House, Broad Street. He is said to have retired in 1592, before his patent expired, and died in 1606. 

Crutched Friars – History & Location 

Crutched Friars (Or Crossed Friars) - the site of the glassworks was an ancient site with coincidental links to Italy and the glassmaking tradition. It is believed that an order of mendicant friars who went to England in the thirteenth century from Italy –Known as the ‘Fratres Cruciferi’ the name derived from a wooden staff surmounted by a cross that each friar carried in his hand thay also had a cross of red cloth upon their habit They settled in London in 1249, where they gave their name to the locality, near Tower Hill, still called’ Cruched Friars’In 1550 eight Muranese glass-blowers were working in or near the Tower of London. They had left Murano owing to slackness of trade, but had been recalled, and appealed to the Council of Ten in Venice to be allowed to complete their contract in London.

 Insert map of crutched friars. 

Transcript of the Last Will and testament of Jacob Verzelini 

held at: 

The National Archives (Public Record Office) Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England.

For those interested in finding the will, it is catalogued as:

-          Will of James Versellin, Freeman of Saint Olave Hart Street, City of London. PROCAT Ref: PROB/11/109 

In The Name of God Amen : The nyne and twentithe daie of Maie Anno Dom 1604 in the seconde yeare of the Raigne of ower Sovereigne Lord James by the grace of god Kinge of Englande ffrannce and Irelande defendo of the faith &c and of Scotland the seaven and thirtithe Jacob Verseline of London Esquier and ffree denizen of Englande beinge in good and perfect healthe and memorie (thanks be to almightie god) yf neverthelesse beinge nowe verie aged and well remembringe that all menn are mortall and borne to die and noe man knoweth the tyme of his visitacon doe make and declare this my present Testament indented conteyninge herein my last will in manner and

fowrme folloeinge (that is to saie) first and principallie and before all earthelie thinges I commende my Sowle to allmightie god my Maker and to Jhesus Christe his only sonne my only Savior and Redeemer by whose precious deathe paineful passion and glorious Resurrection I faithefullie truste and stedfasstlie believe to be saved and to have everlastinge lief and by noe other meanes and I will that my bodie be buried in the Chappell of Downe in the Countie of Kent And over my Grave will shalbe layde a Marble Stone wherein I will shalbe graven the Pictures of my self and my lovinge Wief with owre Armes and some other remembrannce or Epitaph uppon which I will shalbe bestowed the Somme of Twentye pounds of lawfull money of Englande or soe muche as shalbe thoughte meete and convenient by the discretion of my Executrix and Overseers hereafter named. 

At this point in the transcript I will break to include some details of the Verzelini Family tomb brasses and inscription. 

The tomb of Verzelini- Brasses and inscription

The brasses were originally set into the floor above the family tomb but have been removed and placed as a wall mounted memorial to save wear and tear on the fine engraving.

 

Aswell as the pictoral brasses the memorial also includes a rectangular plate bearing the inscription or epitaph: 

 HERE LYETH BVRIED IACOB VERZELINI ESQVIRE BORNE IN THE CITTIE OF VENICE, AND ELIZABETH HIS WIFE BORNE IN ANTWERPE OF THE AVNCIENT HOVSES OF VANBVREN AND MACE, WHO HAVINGE LIVED TOGETHER IN HOLYE STATE OF MATRIMONIE FORTIE NYNE YEARES AND  FOWER MONETHS DEPARTED THIS MORTALL LYFE THE SAID JACOB THE TWENTYE DAY OF JANUARYE ANo DNI 1606 AGED LXXXIIII  YEARES AND THE SAYD ELIZABETH THE XXVI DAYE OF OCTOBER ANo DNI 1607 AGED LXXIII YEARES AND IN HOPE OF RESSURECTION TO LYFE ETERNAL 

                                                               

There is also a depiction of a group of male figures and a group of female figures, each group on a separate panel.

 The males are probably:                                The females are probably:

Sons:                                                                  Daughters:

Francis Verzelini b. circa 1553                       Mary Verzelini  b. circa 1558                       

Jacob Verzelini   b. circa 1555                        Elizabeth Verzelini    b. circa 1560

                                                                             Katherine Verzelini    b. circa 1562

Sons in Law:

Mary’s Husband -        Michaell Palmer  m. 05 FEB 1598  at Saint Olave, Hart Street, London, England

Elizabeth’s Husband - Peter Manning     m. 26th NOV 1582  ? Saint Olave, Hart Street, London, England

Katherine’s Husband – John Nowell       m. 20 FEB 1586 at St Olave, Hart Street, London, England.             

Will transcript continues: 

Item I geve and bequeathe to everie of my Tennannts Dwellinge in Downe aforesaid or elsewhere within the Countye of Kent soe muche Clothe of eighte shillings or tenn shillings the yearde as will make everie one of them a Coate to be by them worne at my ffunerall and for other Mouminge Clothe to be bestowed uppon my Children and ffreindes I referre the same to the consideracon and discretion of my Executrix and Overseers hereafter nominated Item more I geve and bequeathe to and among the poore People inhabitinge in Downe aforesaid the somme of ffive poundes of lawfull money of England to be delivered minister and Churchewardens of Downe aforesaid and by them distributed to and amongs the poorest People of the said Parrishe with the advise of my Sonne in Law Mr Peter Mannynge on the dai of my Buriall Item I geve and bequeathe to the poore People inhabitinge in the Parrishe of St Olaves in Harte Streete in London Where at this present  

End of first page of the will. 

 St Olave's Church 

As one can see the church of St Olave’s played an important part in the lives of Verzelini’s life and that of his children. Fortunately for us the registers of the church are still in existence and date from circa 1563 hence the recording of the Verzelini’s childrens marriages.It was largely down to Samuel Pepys that St Olaves and its registers survived the Great Fire of London in 1666. Pepys used his influence to secure the demolition of surrounding buildings, a successful attempt to break the path of the ensuing conflagration.  

Over the gateway of the churchyard —named by Dickens called the Churchyard of St.Ghastly Grim—are carved some skulls and crossbones which have reference to the impact on the parish from the plague., or Black Death.. Included in the record is Mary Ramsey under date July 24th, 1665. She it was who is supposed to have introduced the plague into the City of London, next to her name is the  letter "p" which is all there is to remind us of her fate and the destruction wrought upon the lives of so many in the City. During 1665 the plague claimed over100,000 victims. 

Also interestingly, above the Vestry door is a Jacobean monument to SirJames Deane his three wives and his children.  He made a great fortune as a merchant adventurer. James Deane is recorded as a witness to Verzelini’s will. See notes below.

The transcription continues: 

I am abydinge the Somme of ffive poundes of lawfull money of England to be distributed amongs them within one Monethe next after my deceass by the advise and discretions of my wief and Overseers hereafter named Item I geve and bequeathe to the Maisters and Governors of Christes Hospitall neare West Smithfield London for and towards the Relieffe and sustentacon of the Poore Orphants there fostered and quartered that somme of ffive poundes Item I geve and bequeathe to and amongs the poore people harboured and nourished in St Bartholomewes Hospitall neare West Smithfield aforesaid the somme of Three poundes I gave I geve and bequeathe to and amongs the poore and diseased People harboured and cherished in St Thomas Hospitall in Southwarke in the Countie of Surrey the Somme of ffive pounds Item I geve and bequeathe to and amongs the Children of my late Brother Jasper Verselline late whilest he lived dwellinge in Venice in the parties of beyond the Seas for a Token remembrannce of my goodwill towards them the Somme of Twentie and five poundes of lawfull money of England equallie and indifferetlie to be divided and parted betwene them And I will that the same somme of Twentye and five poundes shalbe payde and delivered unto them equallie by my sayde Executrix at suche tyme and tymes as they shall atteyne to theire severall ages of Twentye and one yeares or be married And yf either of them hgappen to departe this lief before the tyme aforesaid Then I will that the Survivor of them shall have the parte of the other soe happeninge to decease

Item I geve and bequeathe to Elizabeth Guado my Wiefes Goddaughter nowe dwellinge with me the Somme of Twentie poundes of lawfull Money of England to be payde unto hir by my Executrix within fourtene daies next after hir Marriage soe as shee marrie with the consent of my Executrix and Overseers or the more parte of them or of the Survivors of them or within fourtene daies next after shee shall atteyne to the age of Twentie and fower Yeares which of the same shall firste happen therest and residue of all and singuler my Goods Chattells Plate Jewells Implemts- Utensills Howshould stuf Leasses Readie money and other things whatsoew noweable and unnoweable of what sorte kinde nature or condicon soewthe same byn or consiste I whollie give and bequeathe to Elizabeth deare and Welbeloved Wief Whome of this my present Testament and last will I nominate make and appointe my full and sole Executrix requiringe hir as my truste in hir is to see the same well trewlie and faithefullie performed And of this my said Testament and last will I nominate make and appointe my trustie and wellbeloved ffreindes James Deane William Petula Richarde Langley and Thomas Ffitche

Little information can be found on the witnesses to Verselini’s will.  James Deane is absent from usual records accept in his monument as previously mentioned.

However within the records of the London Lay Subsidy Rolls 1593-1600: the following entry can be found: London Subsidy Roll 389PRO E179/146/389   cf 372b, 399c. 2nd Subsidy granted 1597 assessment date 1 October 1599

Sainte Olaves in Hart Strete:   William Pettelo   

These were lists that were compiled, by wards within London and by hundreds or other administrative units without, of individuals of sufficient wealth to be taxed.  

Generally this meant individuals worth 3 pounds or more – Unlike parish registers which are limited in most cases to baptisms, marriages, and burials The Lay subsidy rolls record individuals who resided in a ward or a parish but were neither born, married, produced children, nor died there. 

Sir James Deane  was recorded in 1591 as being ‘a East India man and money lender’ married to Elizabeth Thornhill. 

The will continues: 

Overseers desiringe them aidinge and assistinge to my sayde Executrix in the due execucon of the same and to see it in all things performed as my truste is they Will And for their paines herein to be bestowed I give to everie one of them Sixe Angells to make everie of them a Ringe to weare in remembmncs~of my goodwill towardes them  

Angel- The angel was first introduced to the coinage during the brief restoration of Henry VI (1470-71). 
 The Angel and Angelet were the only gold coins minted till Henry VI reorganised the coinage in 1489.  The obverse shows St. Michael slaying the dragon, whilst the reverse legend refers to the Cross of Christ, which is
shown on a ship, O CRVX AVE SPES VNICA [Hail, thou Cross, my only hope].
There are Angels for Richard III, Henry VII, Henry VIII, not Edward VI,Mary, Philip & Mary, and Elizabeth.  James I issued a very limited number of Angels and Half-Angels in 1606, it has been suggested for use as Royal Gifts and ceremonial purposes.  James had been re-organising the coinage and the 'new' coins had less gold in them – by using Angels Verzelini was leaving his friends high standard gold.

An Angel was 1/73 of a Pound of gold and weighed 71 1/9grains (one grain = 0.0648 grammes).  At six angels per ring Verselini supplied 3.8 grammes of gold to each of his friends.  

The transcription continues: 

And as concerninge the disposicon of all and everie suche Mannors Lordshippes ffarmes Messuadges Lands tenements Meadowes Pastures Woodes Woode groundes with all and everie theire and everie of theire Hereditaments and appurtennces- whatsoew whereof I am seised of any estate of inheritannce or freeholde whatsoew And of all and everie suche Annuytyes and yearlie payment as I have hereby limitted and appointed to be yssuynge and gevinge note of the same Mannors Lordshippes ffarmes Messuages Lands Tenements and Hereditaments with all and everie theire appurtenanncs I whollie geve devise and dispose the same in name and fourme followinge (that is to saie) ffirste I give and bequeath to Franncis Versellin eldest Sonne one Annuytye or Yearlie Rent of ffourtie pounds of lawfull money of England to be yssuynge and perceived owte of my Mannor or Lordshippe of Downe with th'appurten-ncs of the saide Countie of Kent and owte of my Capitall Messuadge 

End of page two 

or Tenements called and knowne by the name of Vallence with th'appurten-ncs scituate lienge and beinge in the Parrishe Courts and Hamletts of Westraham and Brasted or in one of them in the said countie of Kent (viz) owte of either of them Twentie poundes per annum To have houlde perceive receive take and enioye the said Annuytye or yearlie Rent of ffourtie poundes unto the saide Ffranncys Versellyn ymmediatelie from and after the deceasse of me the said Jacob Versellyn for and duringe the naturall life of the said Frauncis Versellyn my Sonne The same to be payde by the sayde Elizabeth my Wief quarterlie duringe hir naturall lief at the fower moste usuall ffeastes or tearmes of the yeare (namlie) the ffeastes of St Michael[ Th'archangell- The Nativitie of oure Lorde The Annunciacon of Marye the Blessed Virgin and the Nativitie of St John Baptist by even parcons The firste payment thereof to be made at suche of the saide ffeaste daies as shall firste happen next after my deceasse and after the deceasse of the said Elizabeth (yf the said Frauncis shall happen to survive hir ) the same shalbe payde by suche person and persons and their heires as by this my present Testament and last will I shall give or leave the said Mannor or Lordshippe of Downe and Capitall Messuage or fferme called Vallence with their appurten-ncs unto equallie and indifferentlie betwene them (vizt) owte of either the sayde Mannor Twentie poundes as is aforesaid Item I geve and bequeathe to Jacob Versellyn my Sonne one other Annuytye or yearlie Rent of fourtie poundes of lawfull money of England to be yssueinge and perceived owte of all my Lands Tenements and Hereditaments in the said Countie of Kent and to commence ymmediatelie from and after the deceasse of me the said Jacob Versellyn and to contynewe for and duringe the naturall lief of the sayde Jacob my Sonne (yf the said Elizabeth my Wief shall soe longe live) and not otherwise The same to be paide by the sayde Elizabeth my Wief quarterlie at the said fower moste usuall feastes or Tearmes of the yeare by even partions And for defaulte of payment of either of the said Annuyties or Yearlie Rents by the space of fourtie daies next after any of the same ffeastes beinge lawfullie asked at my Capitall Messuage called Downe Courte in the saide Countie of Kent yt shall and maye be lawfull to and for the saide ffranncys and Jacob and either of them and theire and either of theire assignes to enter into all or any the Mannors Messuages Landes Tenements and Hereditaments herein mencioned owte of which the same Annuytyes or either of them are hereby by me Lymytted to be yssueinge and there to distreigne and the distresse or distresses then and there founde to leade drive and came awaie and the same to deteigne untill of the said Annuytys or yearlie Rents and everie parte and parcell of the same with the arrerages thereof (yf anie be) they and either of them shalbe fullie satisffied and payde Provided nevertheles and my Will and mynde is that yf my sayde Sonnes or either of them after my deceasse shall vex sewe or molest or cawse or assent to the sewinge vexinge or molestinge of the said Elizabeth my lovinge wief and their naturall Mother other than for Non paymentof the said Annuities above bequeathed or either of them or shallby any open or overt acte practize or goe abowte to frustrate this my present Testament andlast will or any Legacye Guyfte or Devise by me herein given or bequeathed Or if my sayde Sonnes or either of them at any tyme duringe the natural lief of their said Mother shall enter uppon any the Mannors Messuages Landes Tenements and Hereditaments whatsoever Where I am nowe seized and molest or trouble any of the UnderTennts- ffarmers or Occupiers of the said premisses or any parte or parcell thereof for the holdinge and occupienge of the same or any parte or parcell thereof (except it be only uppon inste cawse by Waie of distresse for Non payment of the Annuyties and Yearlie Rent by this my Will willed and bequeathed )  

End of page 3 

That then and from thencefwothe the Legacie and Devise above given and made of ffourtie poundes per annu- unto him or them which shall soe offend transgresse or doe contrarie to the true meaninge this my present Testament and last will shall ceasse and determine and be utterlie void and of nowe effect to all intents and purposes Item I geve and bequeathe to the sayde Elizabeth my Wief all and everie my Mannors Messuages Landes Tenements Rents Revercons Services and Hereditaments whatsoever with all and everie their appurten-ncs scituate lie or beinge within the Countie of Kent (except only those Landes Tenements Woodes Woodgrowndes and Hereditam-ts which I purchased and bowghte of my said sonne in lawe Peter Mannynge called and knowne by the name of Randall Woodes) To have and to houlde all the said Mannors Messuages Landes Tenements Rents Reversions Services and Hereditaments with all and everie their appurten-ncs (except before excepted) unto the said Elizabeth my wief and hir assignes for and duringe all the terme of hir naturall lief Item I geve and bequeathe to the saide Elizabeth my Wief all those my Messuages Landes Tenements and Hereditaments scituate lienge and beinge in or neare Marte Lane als- Marke Lane in the Cittie of London which I late purchased and bowghte of Richarde Lee And alsoe all other my Messuages and Tenements whatsoew with all and everie their appurten-ncs within the Cittie of London Wereof I am nowe seized of any estate of inheritanns (except only one Messuadge nowe in the occupacon of Hughe Hamersley Merchnn- which I assured to or for the use of my daughter Marie Palmer at hir Marriadge ) To have and to houlde the sayde Messuages Landes Tenements and Hereditaments in London (excepte before excepted) shalbe and remayne to the righte heires of the said Elizabeth my Wief for ever Item I will and devise that ymmediately from and after the deceasse of the sayde Elizabeth my Wief all that my Capitall Messuage or Tenement called or knowne by the name of Vallence scituate and beinge in the Parrishes Towues Hamletts and ffieldes of Westraham and Brasted or one of them in the said Countie of Kent And all Milles Dovehowses Barnes Stables Buyldinges Landes Meadowes Pastures Woodes Woodgrowndes Rents Revercons- Servics and Hereditaments thereunto belonginge or therewith lett or occupied And all other my Landes Tenements and Hereditaments which I purchased and bowghte of Sir William CorneWallis Knighte And alsoe all that Meadowe or parcell of Lande called or knowne by the name of Shenfield Meade als~ Shingfields Meade or Meadowe conteyninge by estimacon seaven acres be it more or less with the appurten-ncs and lienge and beinge in the said Parrisch of Westram als~ Westraham which I purchased of Henrie Crowe of Brasted in the Countie of Kent gent. And William Crowe sonne and heire apparent of the said Henrie Crowe or one of them And alsoe all the said Manno~ or Lordshippe of Downe in the sayde Countie of Kent with all and singular the Rights Members Liberties Priviledges Proffitts Courts ffrannchises Hereditaments and appurten~ncs And all those Messuages Landes Tenements and Hereditaments Whatsoew scituate lienge and beinge in Downe Keyston Cowdom and Ffameboroughe in the said Countie of Kent which I purchased and bowghte of John Smythe of London Esquier and Simon Smithe of London gent or one of them shall be and remaine to the said Jacob Verseline my sonne for and duringe the terme of his naturall lief and after his deceasse unto suche person as shalbe the firste begotten Sonne of the bodie 

End of page 4 

of the sayde Jacob Lawfullie to be begotten and to the heires males of the bodie of the said firste begotten sonne lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to suche person as shalbe the secunde sonne of the bodye of the said Jacob lawfullie to be begotten and as the heires males of the bodye of the said secunde sonne lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to suche person as shalbe the thirde Sonne of the bodye of the said Jacob Versellyn lawfullie to be begotten and to the heires males of the bodie of the said thirde begotten sonne lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to suche person as shalbe the fowrthe Sonne of the bodye of the saide Jacob lawfullie to be begotten and to the heires males of the bodye of the said fowrthe begotten Sonne lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to suche person as shalbe the ffifte sonne of the bodie of the saide Jacob Verseline lawfully to be begotten and to the heyres males of the bodie of the said ffifte begotten sonne lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to suche person as shalbe the sixte sonne of the bodie of the sayde Jacob lawfullie to be begotten and to the heyres males of the bodie of the said sixte sonne lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to suche person as shalbe the seaventh sonne of the bodye of the sayde Jacob lawfullie to be begotten and to the heires males of the bodye of the said seaventh sonne lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to suche dawghter and daughters as shall proceedeof the bodie of the said Jacob Verseline my sonne lawfullie to be begotten and for defaulte of suche yssue I will and devise that the saide Capitall Messuadge or Tenement called Vallence and all the Landes Tenements Hereditaments and other the premisses thereunto belonginge or therewith lett or occupied or accepted or taken as parte or parcell thereof And all singular other the premisses with th'appurten-ncs which I purchased and bowght of the sayde Sir William CorneWallis Knight and alsoe  all the said Meadowe or parcell of Grounde comonlie called or knowne by the name of Shenfield Meade or Shingfielde Meade or Meadowe shall be and remayne unto Elizabeth Marmynge my dawghter wief of the said Peter Mamynge  

Simon de Manning was Lord of Betiad at Downe, County of Kent. He was the first English baron to go with King
Richard to the crusades in 1190. Simon de Manning is the ancestor of the Mannings of Downe and
Cootham, who were knights marshall of the household of England's sovereigns for about 400 years

 The will continues: 

for and duringe the naturall lief of the said Elizabeth AND after the deceasse of the sayde Elizabeth Then to my Godsonne Jacob Marmynge the eldest sonne of the said Peter Marmynge and Elizabeth and to the heires males of the bodie of the said Jacob Marmynge lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to Nicholas Marmynge one other of the sonnes of the sayde Peter Marmynge and to the heyres males of his bodye lawfullie to be begotten AND for defautte of suche yssue to Bartholomewe Marmynge one other of the sonnes of the sayde Peter Marmynge and Elizabeth his wief and to the heyres males of his bodye lawfullie to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to the heires males of the bodye of my sayde daughter Elizabeth Marmynge lawfullie begotten and to be begotten AND for defaulte of suche yssue to the right heyres of the said Elizabeth Marmynge my daughter forever Item I doe will give and devise unto the said Peter Marmynge and the sayde Elizabeth his wief all those my Landes Tenements Woodes and Hereditaments which I purchased of the said Peter Marmynge called or knowne by the name of Randall Woods or by any other name or names whatsoew scituate lienge and beinge in the said Countie of Kent To have and to houlde the sayd Landes Tenements Woodes and Hereditam~ts unto the sayde Peter Marmynge and Elizabeth his wief ymmediatelie from and after the deceasse of me the said Jacob Versellin for and duringe the terme of the natural I lief of the said Elizabeth And the deceasse of the said Elizabeth to my said Godsonne Jacob Marmynge eldest sonne of the said Peter Marmynge and Elizabeth his wief and to the heyres males of hir bodye of the same Jacob Marmynge lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to his brother Nicholas Marmynge and to the heires males of his bodye lawfully to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the said Bartholomewe Marmynge and to the heyres males of his bodye lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the heyres 

End of page five 

 males of the bodye of the sayde Elizabeth Marmynge lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the righte heyres of my sayde daughter  Elizabeth Marmynge forever I will and devise that after the deceasse of the sayde Elizabeth my wief all that my messuage or Tenement with th'appurten~ncs comonlye called or knowne by the name of Leaves Greene als~ Leafe Greene scituate Iyinge and beinge in Cudham Downe and Kelston als~ Keston or one of them in the said Countie of Kent And all and singler Howses Landes Tenements and Hereditaments belonginge or therewith lett or occupied And all other the Landes Tenements and Hereditaments which I purchased and bowght of John Awbey gent Margaret his wief Thomas Dixon the younger yeoman and Martha his wief or any of them And alsoe all that wood called or knowne by the name of Sowthcote woode And all that Grove comonlie called or knowne by the name of Fallowe fielde Shawe Grove scituate Iyinge and beinge in or neare the Parrishe of West Wickham Keston Heose Sowthcourt Bromley and ffarneboroughe or in the same or any of them in the said Countie of Kent And all Woodes Underwoodes and Trees standinge growinge or beinge in or uppon the said Woodes or Groves or either of them and which I purchased and bowghte of Johane Calthorpe widdowe and Clement Calthorpe Esquire or one of them shalbe and remaine unto the said Peter Marmynge and Elizabeth his wief for and duringe the naturall lief of the said Elizabeth Marmynge my dawghter And after the deceasse of the said Elizabeth Marmynge to the saide Jacob Marmynge eldest sonne of the said Peter and Elizabeth and to the heyres males of his bodie lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the saide Nicholas Marmynge one other of the sonnes of the said Peter Marmynge and to the heyres males of his bodye lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the saide Bartholomewe Marmynge one other of the sonnes of the said Peter Marmynge and to the heyres males of his bodye lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the right heyres of the saide Elizabeth Marmynge my daughter forever Item I wilI and devise that ymmediately after the deceasse of the sayde Elizabeth my wief all that Capitall Messuages at Herme Place scituate and beinge within the Parrishe of Cheveninge in the said countie of Kent comonlye called and knowne by the name of Halles or by what other name or names soever the same is or shalbe called or knowne And all the landes Tenements Meadowes Pastures ffeedings Woodes Woodgroundes Hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoew thereunto belonginge  

Mr Don Tyzack has transcribed  a (the family?) copy of the same will, held in a records office in Guildford. Mr Tyzack kindly allowed the Glass Association members to view this transcription during our visit to Downe. 

Inserted at this point  is a paragraph which is not present in the copy of the will held at The National Archives in Kew. See the end of the transcription for the inserted paragraph. 

or apperteyninge or therewith used or occupied or reputed taken and known as parte parcell or member of the same which I purchased and bowght of Christofer Willowghbye of Penshurst in the said Countie of Kent shalbe and remayne to Michaell Palmer Cittizen and Grocer of London my sonne in lawe and Marie his wief my Daughter for and during the natural I lives of the said Michaell and Marie and the longer liver of either of them And after the deceasse of the said Michaell and Marie to John Palmer my Godsonne sonne of the sayde Michaell Palmer and to the heyres males of the bodye of the said John lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the right heires of the said Marye Palmer my Daughter Lawfullie to be begotten fore over And further I will and devise that if it shall happen my saide Sonne Jacob Verselline to departe this lief withoute suche heyres of his bodie lawfullie to be begotten as is aforesaid That then the said Mannor or Lordshippe of Downe in the Countie of Kent comonly called or knowne by the name of Downe Courte with all and singular the Landes Tenements Meadowes Pastures ffeedings Commons Commodities Wood Rights Members Liberties Hereditaments and apportionments thereof And all those Messuages Lands Tenements and Hereditaments Whatsoew scituate lienge and beinge in Downe Keyston Cowdham and ffarneborowghe in the Countie of Kent and everie or any 

End of page 6 

of them Which I purchased and bowght of John Smithe of London Esquier and Symon Smythe gent or of one of them shall be and. remayne to my sayde Sonne in lawe Michaell Palmer and Marie his wief my Daughter for and duringe the natural I liefes of the sayde Michaell and Marie and the longer liver of them And after the deceasse of the said Michaell and Marie to the said John Palmer my Godsonne sonne. of the said Michaell Palmer and Marie his wief and the heyres males of the bodye of the said John Palmer lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the right heyres of the said Marye Palmer my Dawghter lawfullie begotten or to be begotten fore over 

A brief note on the Manning / Palmer association with Down Court. Quoted from Edward Hasted's 'History and Topography of the County of Kent. 

DOWNE - John Manning was of Cowdham, and died in the 14th year of King Henry IV [A.D. 1412], "leaving John Manning, his son, who by Juliana, daughter and heir of Richard Brockhill, had Hugh Manning of St. Mary's Cray, who married the daughter of Sir William Brandon, by whom he had two sons, of whom Richard, the youngest, settled at St. Mary's Cray, where his posterity continued until within these few years;" and John, the eldest, married Agnes, daughter of John Petley, of Downe, "who, on the division of the inheritance of the Petley heirs became entitled to the manor of Downe-court. He died possessed of it in the 35th year of King Henry VIII [1543], and lies buried with Agnes his wife in the church at Downe.( St Mary the Virgin) His descendant, Peter Manning, Esq., of Trowmer, in the reign of King James I [1603-1625] alienated this manor, and in 1657 it was in possession of John Palmer;" but "the seat itself, since called Downe Court, was by his son, Henry Manning, Esq., of Greenwich, separated from the manor and sold to Sir Francis Carew. Downe is within the ecclesiastical jurisdiction of the diocese of Rochester. It is a peculiar of the archbishop of Canterbury, and as such is in the deanery of Shoreham. In the great chancel of the church, on the south side of the altar, is a gravestone and brass plate with inscription in black letter for John Manning and Agnes his wife; he died in 1543; above, a shield of arms, being a cross flory between four cinquefoils impaling two bends ingrailed and a canton. On the south side, a gravestone and memorial for Edward Manning, once of Prince Charles' household, youngest son of Peter Manning, Esq., of Trowmer, and Elizabeth his wife, daughter and coheir of Jacob Verzelini, lord of the manor of Downe, obt. 1622, 't. 20." 

The will continues: 

Item I geve and bequeathe to John Nowell  sonne of my late Sonne in lawe John Nowell Doctor of Phisick begotten uponn the bodye of Katherine his late wief my Daughter deceassed the Somme of ffiftie poundes of lawfull Money of England to be payde unto him at suche tyme as he shall attayne to the age of Twentie and one yeares And defaulte of payment thereof unto himby the space of one Monethe next after his sayde fulle age of twentie and one yeares I doe give and devise unto the said John Nowell one Annuitie or yearelie payment of Twentie and five poundes to commence and take place Ymmediatelie after the ende and expiracon of the sayde one Moneth next ensewinge his aid age of Twentie and One yeares and to contynewe for the space of twoe Whole yeares from thence next followinge To be perceived and taken owte of my sayde Manno~ of Downe And do appointe that for defaulte of payment thereof it shall and maie be lawfull to and for the said John Nowell to enter into the said Manor of Downe and there to distreigne and the distresse and distresses therein founde to leade drive and carrie awaie and the same to deteigne untill he shalbe satisfied and payde the said Annuytye of twentye and five poundes and the arrerages thereof accordinge to the trewe intent and meaninge of this will Item I geve and bequeathe to Elizabeth Nowell daughter of my said late sonne in lawe John Nowell deceassed and Katherine his wief my daughter deceassed the somme of ffiftie poundes of lawfull money of England To be payde unto hir at suche tyme as shee shall attayne to the age of twentye and one yeares or be married which of the same shall first happen And for defaulte of payment thereof by the space of one Monethe next ensewinge hir sayde age of twentie and one yeares or marriage which~ shall firste happen I doe geve and devise unto the sayde Elizabeth Nowell one Annuytye or Yearlie Rent of Twentie and five poundes to be yssuinge owte of my said Capitall Messuadge or Tenements called or knowne by the name of Vallence with th'appurten~ncs to take place ymmediatelie after the ende of the said one Moneth next ensewinge the said age of Twentie and one yeares or marriage of the said Elizabeth Nowell which shall firste happen and to contynewe for the space of twoe yeares from thence next ensewinge And I do appointe that for defaulte of payment thereof it shalbe lawfull to and for the said Elizabeth Nowell and hir assignes to enter into the said Capitall Messuadge or Tenements and there to distreigne and the distresse & distresses therein founde to leade drive and carrie awaye and the same to deteigne and keep untill shee shalbe satisfied and payde the said yearelie Annuytye of Twentye and five poundes and the arrerages thereof accordinge to the trewe intente and meaninge of this my Testament and last will And I do appointe that for defaulte of payment and Wills by me before this tyme made or sealled and Will that this my present Testament and Will shall Stande and be reckoned accounpted and taken for my last will and none other In witness whereof to both parts of this my present Testament and last will indented I the said Jacob Verselline sett my hande and sealle yeouen~ the daye and yeares firste above Written Jacob Versellyn . Memorandum that  

End of page 7 

the last daie of the Monethe of Maie Within Written Anno 1604 the withinnamed Jacob Versellin did sealle subscribe and his deede deliver bothe partes of this Will indented either parte conteyninge twoe skynnes of parchement and did publishe declare and pronounce this same to be his last will and Testament in the presece of the persons whose names are subscribed (viz~) John Simpson Thomas ffitche Scr Edward Penfax William Petula Peter Thornton John Button meiq  William ffrith Scvien Dco Script  

John Simpson – appears to have been a felt maker, residing within the Parish of St Olave, Southwark, Surrey. His will is recorded  14th March 1614, The National Archives, (Public Record Office), Kew, Catalogue ref: PROB 11/123. 

The will continues: 

Memorandum that althoughe I the withinnamed Jacob Versellin since the seallinge and deliverie of this my present Testament within Written have grannted twoe severall Leasses of parcell of the Mannors and Landes within mencioned (viz~) of the Mannors or ffarmes of Downe Courte and Vallence With their or some of theire appurten~ncs yet nevertheles I Will and my Verie trewe intente and meaninge is that the sayde Mannors or ffarmes with their appurten~ncs and all thinges by the said twoe Leasses grannted or letten shall be and remayne to suche person and persons theire heyres and assignes forev~ in suche manner & forme as is within mencioned And I Doe hereby ratifie confirme and publishe this my present Testament within Written to be my last will and testament And Will that it shall stande in fulle force and effect (the sayde twoe Leasses or any other thinge by me made or done since the seallinge or deliverie of this my present Testament withinWritten to the contrarie notwithstandinge In witnes wherof I the said Jacob Versellyn have hereunto subscribed my name this present Nynethe Daie of September Anno Dm~ One thousand sixe hundred and sixe in the fowrthe yeare of the Rayne of owre sovereigne Lorde James by the yeare of god kinge of England ffrance and Ireland Defendo~ of the faithe &c. And of Scotland the fourtithe Jacob Versellyn The said Jacob Versellyn subscribed his name to this last (memorandi) and published this his inwritten Testament to be his last will the said nynthe daie of September 1606 par~s in the presence of vs~ (viz~) of me Thomas ffitche Ser. William Petula and of me William ffrith Scrip.  

It is interesting to note that the Will held at The National Archives differs for the will transcribed by Mr Tyzack by  the following paragraph,  which is inserted within the contents of page six. As I have been unable to locate the original of the document transcribed by Mr Tyzack, as yet, I have been unable to compare copies of the two document sources. However from records of ‘sentence’ held at The National Archives the will of Jacob Versaline does seem to have been disputed at length and in latin! 

The text of the disputed paragraph reads: 

sonnes of the sayde Peter Marmynge and to the heyres males of his bodye lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to Bartholomewe Marmynge one other of the sonnes of the sayde Peter Marmynge and Elizabeth his Wief and to the heyres males of his bodye lawfullie to be begotten And for defaulte of suche yssue to the heires males of the bodye of my sayde daughter Elizabeth Marmynge lawfullie begotten and to be begotten ~ And for defaulte of suche yssue to the right heyres of the said Elizabeth Marmynge my daughter fore over Item I doe will give and devise unto the said Peter Marmynge and the sayde Elizabeth his wief all those my Landes Tenements Woodes and Hereditaments which I purchased of the said Peter Marmynge called or knowne by the name of Randall Woods or by any other name or names whatsoew scituate lienge and beinge in the said Countie of Kent To have and to houlde the sayd Landes Tenements Woodes and Hereditam~ts unto the sayde Peter Marmynge and Elizabeth his wief ymmediatelie from and after the deceasse of me the said Jacob Versellin for and duringe the terme of the natural I lief of the said Elizabeth And the deceasse of the said Elizabeth to my said Godsonne Jacob Marmynge eldest sonne of the said Peter Marmynge and Elizabeth his wief and to the heyres males of the XXXXX 

Was this paragraph the source of the protracted family dispute? 

Verzelini and his family will be an ongoing area of research (particularly the Latin transcription which may take some time!)

Should you wish to view the will in its original form (and see the grim hand writing of the scribe) the document has been scanned. go to http://www.documentsonline.pro.gov.uk a copy can be downloaded straight to your desktop for a small charge. (Please note the erroneous spelling of the name, detailed above.) 

I will update this website page with any new findings. If you would like us to inform you of new postings please contact us by email. 

Many Thanks go to Daniel Fearon for his kind assistance concerning angels. His website

 http://www.danielfearon.com

and Charles Hadjamach for inspiring this article by his talk at St Mary the Virgin, Downe (and the lively discussion of Verzelini, his children and the brasses depicting them, by the members of the Glass Association) during our trip to Downe to celebrate 21 years of the Glass Association. The trip was organised by Janet Sergeant so a big ‘Thank-you’ to Janet for an excellent day and even better directions to a somewhat hidden treasure.   

Jane Brown

Researcher

Andrew Lineham Fine Glass

June 2004

 Links to photographs of Verzelini glass ( Broad Street period) from major collections:

Link to the ‘Dawson’ AT  RT Verzelini Goblet, engraved by Anthony de Lysle – The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, England. 

http://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/opacdirect/24954.htm+verzelini+glasses&hl+en

Link to the ‘Sitchel’ Verzelini Goblet, Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco

 http://search.famsf.org/4d.acgi$Record?138191&=list&=1&=verzelini&=And&=1&=0&=keywords&=Yes&=&=&=&=Yes&=&=f

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

photo18467

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Last modified: 01/14/10 (note American date arrangement)